Winning in Afghanistan

Winning in Afghanistan

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The United States faces hard choices in dealing with a war that has spread from Afghanistan into Pakistan. Any effective counterinsurgency strategy in Afghanistan must rely on building up strong Afghan security forces at the local level and using them to defeat the enemy and create the security requisite for governance and development. This up-to-date analysis describes in detail the continued development of the Afghan National Security Forces (ANSF): the historic challengesa€”and missed opportunitiesa€”they have faced; their strengths and weaknesses; and the prospects for future force development. The report examines the progress ANSF forces are making in the broader context of the ideological, civil, military, and economic conflict that affects both Afghanistan and Pakistan, and it explains how the lack of troops and effective local training programs have made it possible for the Taliban, Hekmatyer, and Haqqani networks to gain strength and expand their capabilities.Both the Afghan National Army (ANA) and the Afghan National Police (ANP) must improve dramatically in size and capability before they can take the lead in Afghan security. The report details what improvements in force size and quality are realistic in the near term as well as what challenges stand in the way of the proposed near-doubling of the size of the ANSF. The logistical, financial, and training challenges of making ANA units capable of operating independently receive particular emphasis.The United States, say the authors, is the only country with the resources to change this situation. It has failed to do so, however, by not providing the money, mentors, and training personnel or the kind of partners in the field necessary to create the scale and quality of Afghan forces needed. If the Obama administration does not act quickly and decisively to reverse the situation, Afghanistan, NATO/ISAF, and the United States may well lose this war....Each brigade has an artillery battery consisting of eight former Warsaw Pact D- 30 howitzers. Currently, 82 of the 140 D-30s required are functional. There is an initiative in place to refurbish ... Procurement and donation options are currently being studied to upgrade this capability. The ANAs primary vehicle is the light tactical vehicle (LTV), a Ford Ranger truck. CSTC-A is in the process of transitioninganbsp;...


Title:Winning in Afghanistan
Author: Anthony H. Cordesman, Adam Mausner, David Kasten
Publisher:CSIS - 2009
ISBN-13:

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